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2015, 7(3): 1-15.

BIM是关于整个星球的

BRE集团,Bucknalls巷,沃特福德WD259XX,赫特福德郡,英国

网络出版日期: 2015-06-01

作者简介: 凯斯·斯努克(1953-),男,荣誉MCIAT会员,英国建筑研究院(BRE)信息系统开发部经理。他在BIM行业的不同领域工作了35年, 于20世纪70~80年代开始在BRE从事研究工作,主攻方向是信息化建筑质量管理。然后他参与了行业里其他多学科的实践,并曾担任英国皇家建筑师学会(RIBA)的研究总监。他现在又回到BRE主管“BIM”的活动,包括英国建筑研究院环境评估方法(BREEAM)和BIM的结合; 曹春莉(1969-),女,博士(英国),博士后,英国皇家特许注册工程师(CEng),英国特许建筑服务工程师学会院士(FCIBSE),英国机械工程师学会会员(MIMechE)。主管英国建筑研究院在中国的研究和可持续发展。主要方向是能耗模拟、风环境及室内环境模拟、光模拟、数字化建筑设计及理论、绿色建筑设计、建筑环境的可持续发展

BIM-It's about the Planet

BRE Group, Bucknalls Lane, Watford WD259XX, Hertfordshire, UK

Available Online: 2015-06-01

引用本文: 凯斯·斯努克, 曹春莉. BIM是关于整个星球的[J]. 土木建筑工程信息技术, 2015, 7(3): 1-15.

Citation: Keith Snook, Cao Chunli. BIM-It's about the Planet[J]. Journal of Information Technologyin Civil Engineering and Architecture, 2015, 7(3): 1-15.

摘要:本文基于历史及当前在英国的活动,并在适当情况下参考当前的发展及同时期别的发展。它首先承认我们必须关于我们星球的资源消耗采取行动。并最后总结出,通过加入适当的数据综合,我们有更好的机会解决这个问题。关于建筑业,本文首先从1990年以前一个著名建筑师的名言,过渡到一个充斥着数据的世界,并经历了一个态度的改变。文章建议为了丰富社会生活和促进企业合作,数据应该尽可能地释放给大众。建筑环境,特别是建筑行业是本文的重点,并指出行业在沟通、团队合作和技术更新的相对弱点。BIM是当前发展的驱动力,对它能造成的必要改变的能力有很高的期望,英国对此尤为重视,而全世界的目光都转向了这里,基于那些深思熟虑的措施,现在普遍认为英国在该领域将处于领先地位,那些应用于英国市场的标准和指令也会国际化。这将会在行业中占据领先的主导地位。

关键词: 建筑信息模型, 计算机辅助设计, Buildingsmart, BREEAM, 大数据, 建筑环境
[1]

"From the dawn of civilization to 2003, five exabytes (1018) of data were created. The same amount was created in the last two days. " Google CEO Eric Schmidt speaking in the keynote presentation at the Guardian's Activate summit 2010, which addressed "society, humanity, technology and the Web".

[2]

Brundtland is probably the most widely accepted formal definition. The first part of this is: "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. "

[3]

Main hypothesis of A Report for the Government Construction Client Group-BIM working strategy Client Group 2011.

[4]

Big Data is generally reckoned to be collections of data beyond current data handling capability and as such is constantly advancing. Gartner(US IT research and advisory organisation) defines it as: "Big data is high volume, high velocity, and/or high variety information assets that require new forms of processing to enable enhanced decision making, insight discovery and process optimization"

[5]

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/207772/Open_Data_Charter. pdfhttps://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/207772/Open_Data_Charter.pdf.

[6]

This term is the widely used to mean 'confrontational and antagonistic' implying something negative; and is used in this manner in this paper. However, technically the UK legal system is classified as 'adversarial' (in contrast to the inquisitorial system such as Napoleonic Law in much of Europe) so in the pure contextual definition of the word it does not confer anything negative.

[7]

A survey of 60, 000 UK IT budget holders undertaken by the Journal 'Computer Weekly' stated: "Large construction firms spend an average of £10, 285 per desktop each year on IT-more than 20% above the UK-wide business average of £8, 455. This differential is even more marked in small and medium sized construction firms, where the average spend is £5, 307 per desktop against an SME industry average of £3, 132. "

[8]

CPIc is the Construction Project Information Committee, responsible for providing best practice guidance on the content, form and preparation of construction production information (CPI), and making sure this best practice is disseminated throughout the UK construction industry. It comprises representation from: RIBA, RICS, CC, ICE, CIAT, CIBSE, CIOB.

[9]

Latham, M. (1994), Constructing the Team, London: HMSO. ISBN 978-0-11-752994-6.

[10]

Egan, J. (1998) Rethinking Construction: Report of the Construction Task Force, London: HMSO.

[11]

Building Down Barriers: a guide to Construction Best Practice (2003) Clive Cain; Routledge ISBN 0415289635.

[12]

Types of value are taken from The Value handbook (2006) published by CABE and written by Dr Sebastian Macmillan of Eclipse Research Consultants ISBN 1 84633 0122 2.

[13]

Achieving Quality on Building Sites NEDO (1987) ISBN 0729208397. Also BRE current paper 7/81 Quality control on building Sites.

[14]

Project information is defined as the information from designers necessary to tell the constructors what to build.

[15]

Augmenting Human Intellect: A conceptual framework (1962). Stanford Research Institute for the (then) US Director of Information Sciences, Air Force Office of Scientific Research.

[16]

BuildingSMART, formerly the International Alliance for Interoperability (IAI), is an international organisation which aims to improve the exchange of information between software applications used in the construction industry

[17]

Link to view video (current April 2015): -http://constructioncode.blogspot.co.uk/2012/07/end-of-babel-ifc-promotional-video.html

[18]

Building SMART has developed Industry Foundation Classes (IFCs) as a neutral and open specification for Building Information Models

[19]

Government construction Strategy: (2011) Cabinet Office (link current April 2015https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/61152/Government-Construction-Strategy_0.pdf)

[20]

Industrial strategy: government and industry in partnership. (2011) HM Government. Building Information Modelling

[21]

A PAS is a Publicly Available Specification-a type of document issued by BSI to serve a number of purposes; here to get an advance version of a 'standard' into the marketplace for use and development ahead of its permissible publication as a BS. In this case the document contains non-normative information so has to be in circulation as a PAS for around 18 months prior to being reissued as a BS. There are a number of documents under the "1192" nomenclature and it is likely that that once all of these are available for full BS publication they may be slightly reordered into a homogeneous set.

[22]

http://www.saxoncbe.com/a-darwinian-moment.html.

[23]

http://www.breeam.org/filelibrary/BREEAM%20Com-munities/Introduction_to_BREEAM_Communities.pdf

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BIM是关于整个星球的

凯斯·斯努克, 曹春莉

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