• ISSN: 1674-7461
  • CN: 11-5823/TU
  • Hosted by: China Society and Technology Association
  • Organizer: China Graphics Society
  • Guidance: China Academy of Building Research

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封面+封底
2022, 14(6): -5--5  
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目录
2022, 14(6): -4--4  
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封二-期刊理事会
2022, 14(6): -3--3  
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封三-BIMBase建模软件(北京构力科技有限公司)
2022, 14(6): -2--2  
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封四-数云科际(深圳)技术有限公司
2022, 14(6): -1--1  
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封五-浙建集团设计研究总院
2022, 14(6): 0-0  
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Research on Template-Based Automatic Dimensioning Technology of Steel Structure Processing Map
Hongliang Han, Qilin Zhang, Yanlei Man, Yashen Zhang
2022, 14(6): 1-6   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.01
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](2) [PDF 1768KB](0)
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Steel structure processing map is basis for components processing in steel structure processing plants. At present, dimensioning of processing map mainly relies on manual adjustments, which occupy more than 50% of detail design workload. Automatic dimensioning can improve the efficiency of the generation of processing map. Template-based automatic dimensioning technology of steel structure processing map is researched and the structure of automatic dimensioning template is analyzed through the dimensioning characteristics of processing map. The content of automatic dimensioning template is divided into five parts: component type management, view type management, dimensioning direction determination, dimensioning point selection, and dimensioning line style management. The design method of automatic dimensioning template is analyzed by the applications in Advance Steel and dimensioning plug-in of Tekla. The processing maps generated by customized dimensioning template meet the design requirement, with no need for manual adjustments.
Design and Realization of Bed Slab Monitoring Scheme for High-Speed Railway Based on BIM
Zhiqiang Cao, Yuelei He, Hongyao Lu, Yanxu Zhao
2022, 14(6): 7-12   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.02
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 1631KB](0)
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The monitoring of service condition of high-speed rail bed plate is an important technical means to ensure railways' safety operation. In view of the problems such as difficult to understand, unreasonable and low efficiency in the design and implementation of the traditional monitoring scheme. Under the help of BIM technology, this paper examines the design and implementation of the monitoring scheme of double-block ballastless track bed plate from the analysis of monitoring requirements, the design of monitoring equipment distribution points and wiring, and the establishment of monitoring data management platform method. The practical application results show that: the BIM model can accurately arrange the monitoring facilities and reduce the difficulty of the scheme design; the collision check can discover the problems in the scheme and ensure the rationality of the design scheme; the dynamic construction simulation can effectively guide the actual operation and guarantee the efficient implementation of the scheme; the data management platform can query the real-time data and achieve the visual monitoring of the service status of the track structure.
Research on Influencing Factors of BIM Technology Adoption Behavior Based on ISM-MICMAC
Jianwen Cao, Xueping Yin, Yanbei Li
2022, 14(6): 13-19   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.03
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 954KB](0)
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In order to promote the sustainable development of BIM technology in the construction industry, the influencing factors and its mechanism of BIM technology adoption behavior of construction companies are explored. The influencing factors that drive construction companies to adopt BIM technology were identified from five aspects of technology, organization, economy, cognition and environment. Sample data based on questionnaire surveys was collected and 17 main influencing factors were extracted through correlation analysis and factor analysis. An ISM model was constructed, the hierarchical relationship between the influencing factors were clarified. MICMAC method is used to analyze the dependence and driving force of the influencing factors and the internal correlation and its mechanism of the influencing factors were revealed. Furtherly, the targeted suggestions for promoting construction companies to adopt BIM technology are provided. The research results show that the dispute resolution mechanism is a key factor that affects the adoption behavior of BIM technology, and the cost of restructuring work model, the willingness to change thinking and working methods, the perceived ease of use, and the degree of organizational resource readiness are the direct factors that affect the adoption behavior of BIM technology.
Research on the Design of BIM-Based Indoor Navigation System for Large-Scale Venues
Junmin Wang, Zisheng Xu, Gang Bai, Xiuyu Sun, Ying Zhou
2022, 14(6): 20-26   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.04
[Abstract](6) [FullText HTML](2) [PDF 2255KB](0)
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With the increasing scale of large public buildings and the increasing time of indoor activities, the demand for indoor navigation services is growing. To fill the gaps of current indoor navigation system, this paper uses the rich 3D information which included in the building information model to build a BIM-based indoor navigation system for large venues. This paper designs the overall system architecture for indoor navigation system and achieves the functions of 3D map display, cross-floor indoor navigation and simulation navigation by using four modules: map management, positioning management, path planning and background management. It was specifically implemented in an international expo center navigation project. The system can satisfy the demand for indoor navigation services for large venues, while storing and analyzing navigation data, which can promote the development of smart parks and smart cities.
Research on International Experience and Innovation of Approval Platform Based on BIM for Construction Projects
Guangbin Wang, Zi Wang, Xinyi Liu, Xiaocong Li
2022, 14(6): 27-31   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.05
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 804KB](0)
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The application of BIM in the automatic examination and approval of construction projects has always been a hot issue at the level of academia, industry and even government, research in this field is very important to guide the development of approval platform based on BIM for construction projects. This paper reviews the practice of BIM compliance review of construction projects in Singapore, South Korea, and the United States, and identifies the main challenges faced by BIM-based automatic compliance checking, including the rule interpretation, the quality control of BIM from the whole life cycle, and the data integration management of the unified standard. By learning the international advanced experience, some suggestions were provided for the innovation of approval platform based on BIM for construction projects in our country.
Summary of the Research on BIM Application Technology in the Life Cycle of Prefabricated Buildings
Xiangyu Liu, Ningna Yan, Zhenwei Zhao
2022, 14(6): 32-37   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.06
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With the rapid development of the country's market economy, prefabricated concrete buildings based on BIM technology have become an important way to improve the construction industry. There are many domestic scholars on BIM technology research, but it usually refers to a certain stage or aspect. Technology is rarely used in the whole life cycle of prefabricated concrete buildings. This paper analyzes and summarizes the research on the role of BIM technology in the life cycle of prefabricated concrete buildings. The results show that BIM technology can effectively improve the design, production and construction level of prefabricated concrete buildings. The production chain to operation and maintenance is closer and more reasonable.
Research and Application of Assembled Electromechanical Module Library Management System Based on Revit Technology
Ziqiang Gu, Weibin He, Wei Feng, Tengyuan Li
2022, 14(6): 38-42   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.07
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With the continuous promotion and popularization of BIM Technology and prefabricated construction, the exploration upsurge of prefabricated construction of electromechanical installation engineering is rising. By studying the application of BIM Technology in assembly electromechanical construction, combined with the special needs of assembly electromechanical module library, and using web development technology and Revit secondary development technology, this paper develops a set of management system suitable for assembly electromechanical module library, which is put into practice in the project. The results show that the system can effectively manage the information and data of assembly electromechanical "family" and "module"; Be able to standardize the management of assembly project modules; Rvt files can be directly downloaded from the cloud library to the project, effectively improving work efficiency.
Analysis of BIM Technology Application in Geotechnical Engineering Based on Complex Network
Shuowen Zhou, Yifei Fan, Xudong Zhao
2022, 14(6): 43-48   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.08
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 1100KB](0)
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In recent years, BIM has been applied to a certain extent in the field of geotechnical engineering. In this paper, 361 papers on the application of BIM technology in geotechnical engineering are studied and analyzed based on complex networks, thus quantifying the existing research hotspots, cluster relationships based on co-occurrence frequency. In terms of bibliometrics, Construction Technology is the journal with the most relevant literature published in China. In research contents, foundation pit project especially deep foundation pit is an important research object, and the existing research is mainly through the 3D visualization of the construction process, so as to carry out construction simulation, collision checking, deepening design, etc. In BIM software, Revit is the common software for geotechnical engineering BIM application, with less secondary development and research. Through complex network analysis, this paper analyzes the application of BIM Technology in geotechnical engineering from the aspects of literature metrology, research groups, core research, and puts forward three development suggestions of establishing an analysis system, improving the standard system, and promoting intelligent construction, which provide a reference for the development of BIM Technology in geotechnical engineering.
The Reflection on Architecture Teaching Practice Based on Tectonic Orientation and BIM Collaboration
Yinghao Lou, Tao Wang, Yuan Wang, Weiqiang He
2022, 14(6): 49-55   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.09
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 1489KB](0)
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With the popularization and development of BIM technology in recent years, the shortage of BIM talents has become increasingly prominent. Based on the analysis of the current situation of BIM technology production and learning, this paper considers the deep logic and teaching advantages of BIM technology from the origin of architecture teaching, "tectonic", puts forward the BIM teaching framework and explores the training mode of BIM talents in application-oriented universities. The reflection clarifies the interconnection between BIM technology and the origin of architecture by constructing the formation of space form and engineering construction system. By systematically integrating BIM knowledge in professional design, theory and software courses in a packaged curriculum and gradually forming "BIM collaboration" architecture teaching chain in the form of micro update, it tries to realize the organic integration of architecture teaching and BIM technology, thus providing a new and systematic way for BIM talent cultivation.
Research on Obstacle Factors of Smart Site Constructing Based on FISM-MICMAC Method
Shuyuan Jin, Wenjuan Liu
2022, 14(6): 56-61   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.10
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](2) [PDF 976KB](0)
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The development of smart site is of the great significance in achieving the digitization of construction projects and moving towards the fine management of industrial level. To promote the development of smart site, and to sum up the main obstacles to affect smart site development, it combines with the expert opinions and questionnaire, identify the strong driving force in the obstacle factor system based on FISM and MICMAC method, reveal the action path of each factor. The results show that there are 12 main obstacles to the construction of smart sites, and they are being divided into four levels. The four factors' driving force is strong: government impetus, core technology maturity, the size and complexity of the project, and the perfection of the standard. The government drive and core technology can promote the development of smart sites.
BIM Application in the Building Life Cycle of a Library Based on Industrial Internet Platform
Fangqiang Yu
2022, 14(6): 62-68   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.11
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](1) [PDF 2306KB](0)
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The East Building of Shanghai Library is a key construction project of cultural facilities in Shanghai. With a total construction area of 114, 951 square meters, it is the largest single building of library in the China. The functional space layout of the library is complex, experience requirements are high, thus it's difficult to design. The east library adopts a unique large-span cantilevered steel structure, which is difficult to construct. During the operation period, the annual reception of readers can reach 4 million person-times. The mechanical and electrical systems such as the book sorting system are highly specialized and energy consumption. Under the background of epidemic and carbon peaking, the operation is extremely difficult. The traditional construction and operation model has been unable to meet the demand, so the library proposed to build a smart library based on BIM. However, there is no precedent in China to build a smart library. which achieves the cross-stage model transfer and data merge from design, construction to operation and maintenance. As the general contractor of the east library, Shanghai Construction No.4(Group) Co., Ltd. developed a building industry internet platform, with a series of BIM review, transformation, delivery and big data analysis algorithms, effectively supporting the BIM application of the east library. The application of BIM has improved the construction quality and improved the efficiency of operation and maintenance.
Research on Data Security of Engineering Information Sharing Mechanism Based on GDPR Principle
Hui Deng, Yiwen Xu, Xiaoyao Li, Yichuan Deng, Jiarui Lin
2022, 14(6): 69-74   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.12
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](1) [PDF 776KB](0)
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With the increasing scale and complexity of engineering projects, the application of Building Information Modeling (BIM) continues to deepen, and the Information volume stored by the engineering Information carrier represented by BIM model in each stage of the whole life cycle of construction projects gradually expands. The project information sharing not only improves the efficiency of the project construction, but also causes the practitioners to pay attention to the data security problem. The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) issued by the EU is the most extensive, demanding and punishing law in the field of Data security at present, setting a new international benchmark in the field of data and information protection. BIM model, as a single data source of engineering, has similarities with GDPR principle no matter in terms of data information scope or information security principle. Therefore, on the basis of studying the current BIM standards and specifications in China, the security requirements of software and platform and user usage protocols, this paper makes a comparative analysis of the BIM and GDPR data processing principles respectively to study their suitability. Analyze the reference significance of GDPR data processing principle to solve the problems in the field of engineering information security; Finally, some suggestions are put forward for data information security protection in the process of engineering information sharing.
Development of BIM Roaming Function of Linear Engineering Based on CATIA
Bingyong Cao
2022, 14(6): 75-79   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.13
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](2) [PDF 1370KB](0)
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In order to avoid the repeated import and export of models between professional softwares, as well as the loss of geometric elementsduring the export process, this paper proposes a method for BIM roaming video of linear engineering based on dynamic viewpoints. First, the basic characteristics of 3D viewpoint are explained, and combined with the feature of linear engineering, the overall technical route of roaming video production is studied; then the viewpoint parameters based on roaming requirements and the method of viewpoint generation during the roaming process are analyzed in detail; finally, based on CATIA modeling software, the BIM roaming function of linear engineering is designed and developed by Automation. The example shows that the program can realize the automatic export of roaming video materials, and has the technical advantages of high automation, convenience, efficiency, and low cost, which helps to quickly generate roaming video for design display.
Exploration and Practice of HSE Risk Management System Integrated with Investment, Construction and Operation in the Smart Energy Industry
Fengmei Bai, Xiang Chen, Haiying Lan, Zilu lv
2022, 14(6): 80-85   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.14
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 944KB](0)
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This article takes the dual prevention system as the core, analyzes the HSE risk types in the whole process of investment, construction and operation, summarizes and refines the core HSE control actions in the whole process, and uses the AHP analytic method to evaluate the effectiveness of the core control actions. After verification, we have designed and developed an integrated HSE risk control system for investment, construction and operation in the smart energy industry. The system includes nine core modules, combined with advanced technology algorithms such as IoT, artificial intelligence, and big data computing, to achieve the comprehensive management and control of the project by the smart energy industry headquarters and secondary project companies. Effectively improve the management and control effect of the headquarters platform on subordinate projects and the project's own safety management level. The system has been successfully implemented in smart energy projects.; finally, the time map of CiteSpace shows that the research trend is in progress to dress with the direction of building, virtual construction and so on.
Development and Application Practice of CIM Concept+BIM Technology in Epidemic Prevention and Control Management Software
Peng Lin, Zhenxian Zhu, Zhenxin Liu, Kaihong Zhuang, Guangquan Chen, Yuanfeng Yang
2022, 14(6): 86-91   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.15
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](2) [PDF 2070KB](0)
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During the special period of epidemic prevention and control, the volunteers and the development team, guided by the concept of CIM and BIM technology, have developed a software for data control and data visualization. The software is developed based on Revit, combined with the characteristics of urgent on-site tasks, changing needs, and complex environments, which innovatively uses the three-level volume model of "Building, Apartment, and Person" as data carrieies. The software takes advantage of Revit's advantages in visual expression, achieves the entry, statistics, and display of dynamic data, and assists special management demands during the epidemic prevention and control period.
Research and Practice of Intelligent Site in Construction Process
Yujie Duan, Rui Jin, Donghai Liu
2022, 14(6): 92-97   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.16
[Abstract](5) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 1512KB](0)
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The application status and problems of intelligent site was investigated and analyzed in a large number of engineering projects. From the perspective of the actual construction site, the definition of intelligent site was proposed, and the construction plan of intelligent site was analyzed. The actual case studies and practices, which was the self-developed results of intelligent site and applied in the industry, have proved that: Firstly, In the process of intelligent site construction, by using the digital software and hardware system, construction companies are required as the main body of innovation to independently research and develop products of intelligent site that meet the own major needs and are promoted to the market, and then actively participate in the formulation of industry related standard. Seondly, The automatic collection of construction site data is the foundation and key of the intelligent site and intelligent construction, and it is also the first step and the only way to upgrade the traditional construction industry. Thirdly, The application of intelligent site can improve the quality and efficiency of the site and enterprises, and can create economic value for enterprises. It has become a new economic growth point for the construction industry.
Application Prospect of FM System Based on BIM Technology in Large-Scale Comprehensive Medical Projects
Yuan Yu, Duozhong Pan, Feng Wang
2022, 14(6): 98-103   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.17
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 1882KB](0)
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At present, the cost pressure of asset management, information management, personnel and site management, energy consumption management, medical waste management and other aspects of domestic large-scale hospitals is increasing year by year. The equipment management and control system lacks functions such as data analysis, quality monitoring, prediction simulation, etc. It brings significant challenges to the operation and maintenance of hospital facilities. In order to ensure the normal operation of medical buildings, the building facility management should develop in a more intelligent direction. The intelligent operation and maintenance of medical projects is an important neural network node that reflects the ubiquity of urban intelligence, and is an important part of smart city construction, which is worthy of special research. This paper shows the operation and maintenance application for large-scale comprehensive medical projects through the cloud processing of the hospital BIM model. This paper has discussed the method, specific functions and future value of intelligent operation and maintenance of medical projects based on BIM model, so as to provide reference for the operation and maintenance of related types of construction projects.
Research on Risk Factors of BIM Technology Application Based on Social Network Analysis
Liang Wei, Peixian Gan
2022, 14(6): 104-108   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.18
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 702KB](0)
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With the continuous development of the construction industry, BIM technology is being adopted. However, in practical engineering, there is a large investment decision risk in the deepening promotion of BIM technology, which leads to a certain obstacle to the promotion of BIM technology. This paper determines the risk factors through the problems encountered in the application of BIM technology and the use of literature review method. The Delphi method and social network analysis method are used to identify and to analyze the risks. Finally, it is concluded that during the process of BIM technology application, there are no complete legal provisions and measures, no obvious benefit recovery, and low sustainable utilization rate of achievements.
Application of Virtual Template Management Platform Based on BIM in Engineering Project
Qichen Jiang, Xin Yu, Dan Liu, Qin Zhang
2022, 14(6): 109-113   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.19
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](2) [PDF 1437KB](0)
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This paper combines BIM Technology, virtual reality technology and template guidance technology, which forms an interactive virtual template management platform with independent intellectual property rights through the secondary development based on Revit. It greatly improves the production efficiency of enterprise virtual template, reduces the human and material resources investment of the project, and comprehensively improves the competitiveness of the enterprise.
Research on BIM Technology Application in Construction of Complex Geological Underground Engineering
Dechen Kong, Hongdon Xie, Huaying Xu
2022, 14(6): 114-120   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.20
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](2) [PDF 2055KB](0)
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BIM technology has the characteristics of visualization and simulation. Its application in engineering detailed design and construction management on the site is more and more extensive. Based on BIM technology, The application value of geological simulation and construction organization simulation in the construction of deep foundation pit engineering is also gradually prominent. In order to solve the problems of complex engineering geological conditions, narrow construction site, various support forms and tight construction period, BIM technology is applied in the construction of underground works of the project. Firstly, the original data such as geological survey report and borehole are imported into Bentley codes. The geological body model is created by the combination of Bentley platform and the Empirical Bayesian Kriging method (EBK). Secondly, based on coupling geological model and pile foundation model, the theoretical length of cast-in-place pile can be checked and derived by interpolation method. The reasonable control of the pile length in site pile construction can be guided according to the above method. Combined with the application and verification of practical engineering, the research results show that the application of geological simulation and site layout simulation based on BIM can effectively solve the problems such as pile length control and construction organization in the construction process of complex geological and underground engineering. The quality of the engineering can be improved, and the construction period can also be shorted.
Research on BIM Forward Design and Application of Luotian Reservoir-Tiegang Reservoir Water Conveyance Tunnel Engineering
Lingming Chen, Ningxiao Jia, Min Feng, Zhenzhou Zheng, Yongke Li, Yuxuan Zhou
2022, 14(6): 121-127   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.21
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](2) [PDF 2249KB](0)
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The Luotian reservoir-Tiegang reservoir water conveyance tunnel project is one of the supporting projects of the Pearl River Delta Water Resources Allocation Project in Shenzhen. This project spans the urban built-up area and requires high building safety. This paper combines BIM and GIS technology, based on Dassault's 3D Experience platform, and integrates multiple information technology methods to carry out forward collaborative design and application, and establish a BIM application system for long-distance water conveyance tunnel engineering survey and design. During the implementation of BIM application, the forward design was driven by business processes, combined with the company's self-developed system, and digital survey applications were realized. Combined with BIM + GIS technology, through parametric modeling, simulation analysis and other means, this paper has achieved the linear engineering intelligent design, and improved the accuracy and work efficiency of the engineering design of the long-distance urban water conveyance tunnel. In the application of three-dimensional drawing output, this paper pioneered the symbolized drawing output method of safety monitoring, which filled the gaps in related fields in the industry. The successful application of the project's BIM technology guarantees the design progress and provides a data basis for the application of intelligent engineering during the construction period and operation and maintenance period. The results can provide references for similar projects.
Application of Parameterized Pile Element in BIM Modeling of Foundation Pit Support Engineering
Zhongyuan Li, Ru Gao, Xijun Cheng
2022, 14(6): 128-132   doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2022.06.22
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](4) [PDF 1375KB](0)
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As China start the new journey of 14th Five-Years-Plan, AEC industries also need to act in an innovative way. The growing of super high-rise buildings in cities promotes the development of underground spaces, which results in expansion and deepening of excavation of foundation pit. For keeping the safety during the construction and to minimize the risks, it adopts the method of "pile + internal support" as a way of retaining and protection of foundation excavation. It is quite difficult to use CAD to deliver the project design because there consists multiple complex structure. Through adopting Revit to create parametric 3D components, it cannot only comprehensively visualize project design, but can also quickly make the modification in modelling, quantification, and construction documents. As a results, the quality and the efficiencies of design can be increased.
Problems and Processing Methods for Data Transmission from Revit to STAAD.Pro
Yan Xu, Fan Shengying, Zhou Jin
In Press, Accepted Manuscript , doi: 10.16670/j.cnki.cn11-5823/tu.2017.03.18
[Abstract](3690) [FullText HTML](2419) [PDF 2332KB](17)
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It is common at present in sutructrual designing area that the models built in the computing softwares are transmitted into the BIM softwares, which reduces the BIM structural designing efficiency compared with adopting AutoCAD. It is necessary for structural design and plug-in development to create a structural model in BIM software and then to transmit into computing software. This paper takes the transmission of a model of frame and bent structure from Revit to STAAD.Pro as an example, to study some noticeable issues in Revit modeling and writing Revit data into*.std file, based on which we propose corresponding processing method and the improvemnt suggestions for Revit, STAAD.Pro & SSDD.
  • Start publication in September, 2009, Bimonthly
  • CN: 11-5823/TU ISSN: 1674-7461
  • Hosted byChina Society and Technology Association
  • OrganizerChina Graphics Society
  • GuidanceChina Academy of Building Research
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